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GEOGRAPHY:

Land Area: 538,000 sq km
Location: lies astride the equator on the eastern coast of Africa.
Capital: Nairobi
Rainfall: Mid March to May (Long rains) and October to November (Short Rains)
Average Temperature: Vary from 10 0 C to 28 0 C
Altitude: 1,524 m and 300 miles inland.
Terrain: Low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west
Vegetation: tropical rainforest at the shores of Lake Victoria, the savannah in the Rift Valley and Highlands, and the north and northeast is sparse and primarily consists of thorn bush.
Land use: Arable land: 8.08% permanent crops: 0.98% other: 90.94%
Natural Resources: Gold, limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower
Main Exports: Cement, Chemicals, Coffee, Fruit and Vegetables.
National Parks and Reserves: Abadare, Amboseli, lake Nakuru, Tsavo, Meru, Marsabit National Park and Reserve,
Rivers: Athi/Galana which empties into the Indian Ocean, and Tana which hits the coast between lamu and Malindi.


HUMAN STATISTICS:

Population: 30,765,900
Population Growth: 2.8%
Density: 58.06 people per sq. km
Life expectancy: 52 years
Religion: Christians, Muslims, Traditionalists.
Official Language: Swahili and English
People: Africans (with over 70 tribal groups) Asians, Arabs, Europeans.
Education: Primary, secondary, technical/vocational, higher/university
Income per capita: GDP - Per Capita: $ 1,100

POLITICS/ADMINISTRATION:

Government: Republic.
President: Mwai Kibaki
Vice President: Dr.Moody Awori
National Flag: Black represents the people of Kenya. Red represents the struggle for freedom. Green represents Kenya's agriculture and natural resources. White represents Unity and Peace. The black, red and white shield symbolizes the defense of freedom.
Administrative divisions: 7 provinces and 1 area.

PRACTICAL DETAILS:

Time: 3 hours ahead of GMT.
Currency: Kenyan shilling (ksh)
Main Health risk: Malaria
Electricity: 240V running at 50Hz.
International telephone country code: +254
Airports:
Nearest seasports: Mombasa, Dar es Salaam

ECONOMY:

Agriculture is the cornerstone of Kenya’s Economy. Cash crops include Coffee, Cotton, Tea, Sisal, Tobacco and pyrethrum. Principal food crops are Maize Sorghum, Beans, Cassava and fruits. Agriculture employs about 80% of the total population, and accounts for 50% of the country’s export earnings. The Agricultural sector contributes only 25% of the country’s GDP.
The Industrial sector contributes about 13% of the country’s GDP with principal products including Textiles, Glass, Processed foods, Vehicles, Beer, Chemicals and construction materials.

GOVERNMENT & POLITICS:

The System of government consists of the President, who holds executive power. There is also a single legislative assembly which consists of 210 members. These include the Attorney general, the speaker, and 12 members nominated by the major parties in parliament

TOURISM:

The Tourism sector is also well developed in Kenya. Despite major setbacks in recent years, The Tourism industry has grown consistently with several major Hotels of international standards, Improved Infrastructure, a range of national parks which provide views for the Big five with beautiful Lodges, Mountains, and beautiful sceneries all offer tourism opportunities and Adventure for guests and travelers.

Conservation of the Environment to hinder environmental degradation and deforestation, p and instead promote wildlife conservation, protection of endangered species is being widely practiced, by private conservation measures by organizations like:

Laikipia Wildlife Forum
Tel: 017631600
Website: www.laikipia.org

Rhino Ark (Protection of the endangered Black Rhino)
Tel: 020 89 446688
Email: rhinoark@globalnet.co.uk

LANGUAGE

The official language in Kenya is Swahili and English, and it’s widely spoken. Most Kenyans use Swahili as which is spoken widely.

MONEY

The unit of currency is the Kenyan shilling (Ksh), which is made up of 100 cents. Notes in circulation are Ksh 1000, Ksh 500, Ksh 200, Ksh 100, Ksh 50 and Ksh 20. There are “cooper” coins commonly known as “bob” of Ksh 20, Ksh 10, Ksh 5 and Ksh 1.

Most major currencies are accepted in Kenya. Traveler’s cheques are also more widely accepted. The Best places to change money are forex bureaus which are found everywhere in Kenya. Kenya has no black market for foreign currency. Changing money on the streets should be avoided.

International transfers are possible through western Money Union with Post Bank.
Credit cards are increasingly becoming popular. There are several ATM machines covering most major Towns. Standard chartered ATMs take Visa cards. Barclays bank ATMs supports master card, Visa, Plus and cirrus international networks.

EDUCATION:

Literacy levels in Kenya are about 80%. Among 15-24 years old, the levels go up to 95%.Education is not compulsory but the motivation to get educated is high. Education Levels include Primary, secondary, University and tertiary education.

WHEN TO VISIT:

Kenya can be visited at anytime of the year. In January and February, the weather is hot and dry with the largest Bird life, and this is the time when animals tend to congregate around the water courses and can be easily spotted.

During the long rains in mid march to May, things are quieter and there is availability of accommodation, and prices are lower than in the High season.

The main Tourist seasons/High Seasons are from Mid-December to March and July and August where prices are high and parks are crowded.

WHAT TO BRING

When traveling to Kenya, please bring the minimum, since you can buy all you need in Kenya, including toiletries, Sport & trekking equipment.

Useful items include a torch/flash light, a small first Aid kit, a water filter/purifying tablets incase you are staying in the bush, compass, shoes or flip flops for the Beach, a water bottle and Binoculars for safaris.
Sleeping bags can be hired and bought in Kenya but travelers can also decide to carry there own. Several Tour operators can also provide sleeping Bags.
Camping Equipment can be hired, or got from tour operators, and also several camping facilities offer camping equipment.

A wind and water proof jacket should be carried during the rainy season and good quality cold weather clothing should be carried for high mountain treks.


TOURIST SERVICES AND INFORMATION

Kenya has several tourist offices which offer information to Tourists and provide Maps and country information. Notice boards at Sarit center in Wetlands and Yaya center in Hurlingham are good sources for local information.

Mombasa;
Tel: 011-225428
Email: mcta@ikenya.com
Moi Avenue

Malindi
Tel: 0123-70747
Malindi Center, Lamu Road

Diani Beach
Tel: 0127-2234
Email: diani@technosoftkenya.com
Barclays Center

Regional maps include Nelles and Michelin’s Africa-central and South, Hallwags Kenya and, Bartholomew’s Kenya.

GETTING THERE AND AWAY:

Kenya has several Airlines flying in and out of the country. Airlines include; British Airways from London, Kenya Airways, Emirates Airlines from Dubai, Air India from Bombay, Brussels Airlines, Brussels Airlines from Brussels, Ethiopian Airlines, Klm (Royal Dutch Airlines) from Amsterdam, Corsair from Paris, Sas Scandinavian Airlines,
SN Brussels Airlines and Swiss Airlines from Zurich. Charter flights which can be arranged between domestic tourist attractions. Several Tour and travel companies which offer Airline tickets and also offer other services.

A wide network of buses runs throughout the country connecting almost every town. It is cheaper to travel by bus than train and often quicker but sometimes crowded. Matatus are a common form of mini-bus.

Kenya has an efficient and comfortable rail service connecting Nairobi to Mombasa, Kisumu and Malaba. The overnight Nairobi-Mombasa service offers first and second class options but it is popular and for most of the time you need to book in advance

Incase you are bringing your Own Vehicle; a three month permit on the Boarder at entry is needed. Foreign registered Vehicles with a sitting capacity of six people are not allowed in the park.

International flights to Kenya from within Africa:

Kenya Airways has flights to Nairobi from Abidjan, Accra, Addis Ababa, Bamako Blantyre, Bujumbura, Cairo, Cape Town, Dakar. Dar es Salaam, Djibouti, Douala, Entebbe, Freetown, Harare, Johannesburg, Khartoum, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kinshasa, Lagos, Lilongwe, Lubumbashi, Lusaka, Maputo, Seychelles, Yaoundé and Zanzibar. They also have a flight from Johannesburg to Mombasa. Kenya Airways co-operates with KLM.

Flights to Nairobi include:

Air Kenya Aviation from Kilimanjaro, Ethiopian Airlines from Addis Ababa and Entebbe, Precision air from Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro, British Airways from Asmara, Djibouti, Harare, Johannesburg, Khartoum, Lilongwe and Lusaka , Mwanza and Zanzibar. (Co-operation with Kenya Airways), Egypt air from Cairo, Rwandair Express from Kigali (co-operation with Kenya Airways), Air Zimbabwe from Harare, Daallo Airlines from Hargeisa and Mogadishu, South African Airways/Delta Airlines from Johannesburg, Air Madagascar from Antananarivo, Air Mauritius from Mauritius, Air Malawi from Blantyre and Lilongwe (co-operation with Kenya Airways)

Flights to Mombasa:
Precision air from Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro and Zanzibar (co-operation with Kenya Airways), Corsair from Paris, L.T.U. International from München, Condor Flugdienst from Frankfurt

It is advisable to check with your Embassy or consulate on travel guidelines before you travel for updates.

GETTING AROUND:

Kenya has domestic carriers offering scheduled flights within the country. Booking in advance is advisable especially during the high season.

Airlines offices:

Kenya Airways
This has six to seven daily departures from Nairobi to Mombasa.
Tel: 02-229291
Barclays Plaza, Loita Street, Nairobi

Air Kenya
This has about two to three daily flights from Nairobi to Mombasa, and daily services from Nairobi to Amboseli, Lamu, Kiwayu Island, Masai Mara, Lewa Downs, Samburu, Ukunda and Nanyuki.
Tel: 02-501601
Email: resvns@airkenya.com
Web: www.airkenya.com

Flamingo Airlines (Kenya Airways subsidiary regional)
Has three daily flights between Nairobi and Kisumu, Daily flights to Eldoret, Lokichoggio, and one or two flights a day to Malindi.
Tel: 02-32074340
Barclays Plaza, Loita Street, Nairobi
Web: www.flamingoairlines.com

Regional Air (British Airways subsidiary regional)
Three daily flights from Nairobi and Mombasa on weekdays, two flights on Saturday, and one flight on Sunday.
Tel: 02-311623, 011-229777
Grand Regency Hotel Loita Street, Nairobi
OR: Tss Towers Nkrumah Road, Mombasa
Web: www.airkenya.com/ras.htm

Other charter planes include:
Excel Aviation
Tel: 02-601764
Fax: 501751

Blue bird Aviation
Tel: 02-602338
Fax: 602337

Z-Boskovic Air charters
Tel: 02-501210

African Express Airways
Tel: 433851

Aero club
Tel: 608990

OVERLAND:

The Boarders are all open, and regular Buses Mini-buses –taxis connect Kenya to other countries. The main Boarder crossings into Kenya are Busia and Malaba for Uganda, Taveta, Namanga and Lunga for Tanzania, and Moyale for Ethiopia.

There are buses to Nairobi from Dar es Salaam and Arusha (Tanzania) like the Taqwa and Scandinavian Buses, to Mombasa from Dar es Salaam and to Voi from Moshi and several Buses from Kampala (Uganda).;Buses like Scandinavian, Royal Executive, Gateway, Falcon and Akamba travel from Uganda to Kenya.

Kenya has an extensive network of roads which are passable throughout the year.

AIRPORTS IN KENYA

Eldoret International Airport (EDL/HKEL)
PO Box 2323, Eldoret
Tel:             +254 (0)53 206 3377       
Fax: +254 (0)53 206 0337

Additional Information:
Operating hours 03:30-17:30
Three scheduled international cargo flights per week.
One passenger flight daily to Nairobi Wilson Airport.

Kisumu Airport (KIS/HKKI)
PO Box 13, Kisumu
Tel:+254 (0)57 202 0811       
Fax: +254 (0)57 202 1857

Lokichogio Airport (HKLK)
Tel:+254 (0)54 32266       
Fax: +254 (0)54 32440

Mombasa - Moi Int´l Airport (MBA/HKMO)
Tel:+254 (0)41 433211       
Fax: +254 (0)41 434434

Nairobi - Jomo Kenyatta Airport (NBO/HKNA)
PO Box 19087-00501, Nairobi
Tel:+254 (0)20 825400, +254 (0)20 822111       
Fax: +254 (0)20 822078
E-mail: marketing@kenyaairports.co.ke
Website: www.kenyaairports.co.ke

Murtala Muhammed Airport
Tel: +254 (0)2 80330 06181

Nairobi - Wilson Airport (WIL/HKNW)
PO Box 19005, Nairobi
Tel:+254 (0)20 603260       
Fax: +254 (0)20 601496

Kenya Airports Authority, Nairobi, Tel: +254 (0)20 825,Fax: +254 (0)20 822078, e-mail: marketing@kenyaairports.co.ke, Website: www.kenyaairports.co.ke


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